FAQ: What is the difference between competences and skills – aren’t they the same?

No, competences and skills are not the same. According to the definition of competence in the e-CF user guide, a “competence is a demonstrated ability to apply knowledge, skills and attitudes for achieving observable results”. Hence, a competence is not a skill; on the contrary, a competence embeds skills.

Whilst competences are holistic concepts, skills are precise and definite abilities, either hard technical, e.g. make cost/ benefit analysis, develop user interfaces; or soft, e.g. deploy empathy to customer needs, negotiate contract terms and conditions.

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